Fast Facts on Wicca
Adherents 1-3 million
History Based on ancient pagan beliefs, but modern form founded early 1900s. Founder generally said to be Gerald Gardner.
Beliefs Polytheism, centered on the Goddess and God, each in various forms; also a belief in a Supreme Being over all
Ethics "If it harms none, do what you will."
Practices Prayer, casting a circle, Drawing Down the Moon, reciting spells, dancing, singing, sharing cakes and wine or beer
Texts No sacred text; foundational texts include The Witch Cult in Western Europe and The God of the Witches

Wicca is a type of Neopaganism. While Wiccan beliefs can be diverse, most followers of Wicca believe in a single ultimate reality that pervades the universe and is expressed in the Goddess and God. Most Wicca traditions worship the two deities as equals, where none deserves more importance than the other. An attempt is usually made to reflect this balance in the coven, although men tend to be a minority in the Wiccan religion. Wicca also includes the concept of the Triple Goddess and rituals related to the Five Elements and magic.