--Guru Arjan Dev, Guru Granth Sahib
|Beliefs||one God: Ik Onkar|
|Practices||Prayer and meditation on God's name, services at temple (gurdwara), turban and five Ks. Balance work, worship, and charity. No monasticism or asceticism.|
|Texts||Adi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib)|
Sikhism emerged in 16th-century India in an environment heavily permeated with conflicts between the Hindu and Muslim religions. Its founding teacher, Guru Nanak Dev, was born in 1469 to a Hindu family. His most famous saying was, "There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim, so whose path shall I follow? I shall follow the path of God." Today, there are about 23 million Sikhs worldwide, making Sikhism the fifth largest religion in the world.
The table of contents below will direct you to various topics on the Sikh faith, from their beliefs to their history, to their sacred days, to important literature.