Shinto: Ancient Religion of Japan
|Beliefs||kami: ancient gods or spirits|
|Practices||Worship and offerings to kami at shrines and at home. Purification rituals.|
|Texts||Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters); Nihon-gi (Chronicles of Japan)|
Shinto (also Shintoism) is the term for the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of Japan. Shinto has no founder, no official sacred scriptures, and no fixed creeds, but it has preserved its central beliefs and rituals throughout the ages.
The word Shinto, which comes from the Chinese shin tao, meaning "the way of kami [spirits]", came into use in order to distinguish indigenous Japanese beliefs from Buddhism, which had been introduced into Japan in the 6th century CE.
Shinto (together with Buddhism) is intimately tied to Japanese society and culture. Shinto's relationship with other religions in Japan are generally cooperative and harmonious. Shintoists insist on maintaining their own characteristics and inner depth while working toward the peaceful coexistence of human beings.