Religion in Japan

Fast Facts and Religious Adherent Statistics
Population 124,687,293 (#11 in world) (2021 est.)
Demonym noun: Japanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Japanese
Ethnic Groups Japanese 98.1%, Chinese 0.5%, Korean 0.4%, other 1% (includes Filipino, Vietnamese, and Brazilian) (2016 est.)
Religions Shintoism 70.4%, Buddhism 69.8%, Christianity 1.5%, other 6.9% (2015 est.)
Shinto 70.4% (2015 est.)
Buddhism 69.8% (2015 est.)
Christianity 1.5% (2015 est.)

Religion in Japan Fast Facts

  • Shinto 83.9%
  • Buddhism 71.4%
  • Christianity 2%
  • Other 7.8%
  • Note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism

Summary of Religion in Japan

Religion in Japan is characterized by syncretism; meaning, most people identify with more than one religion and sometimes combine more than two. Religions that are commonly synced include Shinto and Buddhism.

These religions aren’t necessarily alternately practiced, but it is common for them to be interwoven.

Most Japanese, however, don’t identify with any religion at all. According to recent studies, over 60% of people in Japan say they are atheists.

Other than syncretism, other religions are present in Japan, including Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Sikhism.


CIA Factbook


  1. Japan.” CIA World Factbook.
  2. Japan.” Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project.
  3. Japan.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.

Article Info

Title Religion in Japan
Last UpdatedFebruary 13, 2021
MLA Citation “Religion in Japan.” 13 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021. <>