Sikhism

Sikh beliefs

“Any human being who faithfully believes in: (i) One Immortal Being, (ii) Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh, (iii) The Guru Granth Sahib, (iv) The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus and, (v) the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion is a Sikh.”

--Rehat Maryada, Sikh Code of Conduct
ADVERTISEMENT
Fast Facts
Overview one God: Ik Onkar
God(s) one God: Ik Onkar
Meaning of Life Overcome the self, align life with will of God, and become a "saint soldier," fighting for good.
Afterlife Reincarnation until resolve karma and merge with God.

Sikhism is one of the youngest world religions in the Eastern world. It was established in 16th century India. At that time, the dominant religion of the country, Hinduism, was in conflict with one of the newest religions from the West, Islam. Sikhism developed as an alternate third path for Indians and eventually others around the world as well. (Go here for more on Hinduism and here for more on Islam.)

The name "Sikhism" comes from "Sikh," which means "a strong and able disciple."

Reflecting its religious context, Sikhism has elements of Hinduism and Islam in its beliefs, practices, and traditions. Some of its doctrines, such as certain aspects of its teaching on God, reflect Islam more than Hinduism, while other doctrines, such as karma, reflect Hinduism more than Islam. These characteristics result in a distinct religion, but one which has been heavily influenced by other faiths.

Religious Authority

The ultimate source of authority and doctrine in Sikhism is the sacred book, the Adi Granth. In the event of disputes, a council is convened at the Akal Takht ("Throne of the Timeless"), a building facing the Harimandir temple in Amritsar. Resolutions passed by this council carry spiritual sanction.

God in Sikhism

Sikhism is monotheistic, strongly emphasizing belief in one true God. Guru Nanak used the Hindu mystic syllable om as a symbol of God. He added the qualifications of God as one and creator, resulting in the ik onkar symbol. Sikhism forbids the representation of God in images and the worship of idols.

Karma and Reincarnation

Sikhism retains the general Hindu conception of the universe and the doctrine of samsara, or rebirth, based on karma. Human birth is the only chance to escape samsara and attain salvation.

Khalsa and State

Especially after conflict with the Mughal empire in Sikh history, religion and politics have been closely associated in Sikhism. Establishment of a Sikh state is a matter of religious doctrine, and all services end with the chant, "Raj karey Ga Khalsa" (the Khalsa shall rule).

Sources

Table of Contents

Article Info

Title Sikh beliefs
Published
Last UpdatedJanuary 29, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/sikhism/beliefs
Short URLrlft.co/1549
MLA Citation “Sikh beliefs.” ReligionFacts.com. 29 Jan. 2021. Web. Accessed 8 Mar. 2021. <religionfacts.com/sikhism/beliefs>