Buddhism

Sangha Day (Magha Puja Day, Fourfold Assembly Day)

ADVERTISEMENT
Fast Facts: Sangha Day (Magha Puja Day, Fourfold Assembly Day)
Faith(s) Buddhism
Names Sangha Day, Māgha Pūjā, Makha Bucha Day, Fourfold Assembly Day
Meaning celebrates the spontaneous gathering of 1,250 disciples to hear the Buddha's sermon on the sangha (monastic community)
Date first full moon day of the third lunar month (Magha), which falls in February or March
Dates February 26, 2021
February 16, 2022
March 6, 2023
February 24, 2024

Sangha Day, also known as Māgha Pūjā or Fourfold Assembly Day, is the second most important Buddhist holiday.1823. It commemorates the spontaneous gathering of 1,250 arhats (saints or disciples) at Veruvana Monastery in Rajagaha, India, where they heard the Buddha's first sermon. Celebrated on the full moon day of the third lunar month (February or March), Sangha Day is especially popular in Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries.

Names and Etymology of Sangha Day

In Buddhism, the sangha refers to monks or to the Buddhist spiritual community in general. Sangha Day is so named because it celebrates:

  • the sangha that gathered to hear the Buddha speak at Veruvana;
  • the Buddha's historic sermon that outlined the rules for the sangha; and
  • the value of the Buddhist spiritual community.

The name Māgha Pūjā derives from māgha, the name for the third lunar month, and puja, meaning worship or devotion.

Fourfold Assembly Day refers to four characteristics of the historic assembly of the sangha at Vervana:

  1. All of the 1,250 who gathered were arhats;
  2. All were ordained by the Buddha himself;
  3. They assembled spontaneously without being called; and
  4. It was the full moon day of Magha month.1821

Date of Sangha Day

Sangha Day/Magha Puja is held on the first full moon day of the third lunar month (Magh or Magha). This falls in February or March on the western calendar.

Sangha Day Observances

Festival rituals may include meditation, chanting, lighting oil lamps, and reaffirming one's commitment to Buddhist spirituality.1823

Sources

  1. Buddhist Festivals and Special Days.” Buddhanet.
  2. Māgha Pūjā.” Wikipedia.
  3. Sangha Day.” BBC Religion & Ethics.
ADVERTISEMENT

Article Info

Title Sangha Day (Magha Puja Day, Fourfold Assembly Day)
Published
Last UpdatedFebruary 23, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/sangha-day
Short URLrlft.co/5722
MLA Citation “Sangha Day (Magha Puja Day, Fourfold Assembly Day).” ReligionFacts.com. 23 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 28 Sep. 2021. <religionfacts.com/sangha-day>