Catholicism

Catholic Beliefs

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Fast Facts: Catholic Beliefs
Creeds Many, but special focus on Apostles' Creed and Nicene Creed (Catechism, 2nd ed.)
Religious Authority Bible, church fathers, popes, bishops; Seven Ecumenial Councils; Trent, Vatican, and other Catholic councils
Human Nature "Being in the image of God the human individual possesses the dignity of a person, who is ... capable of self-knowledge, of self-possession and of freely giving himself and entering into communion with other persons. And he is called by grace to a covenant with his Creator, to offer him a response of faith and love that no other creature can give." (Catech 357)
Means of Salvation Received at baptism; may be lost by mortal sin; regained by penance. "Mortal sin cuts us off entirely from our true last end." (CE) Perseverance to the end is a gift of God, but we must cooperate with God's gift. (CE)
End Times "At the end of time, the Kingdom of God will come in its fullness. After the universal judgment, the righteous will reign for ever with Christ, glorified in body and soul. The universe itself will be renewed." (Catech 1042)
Other Religions "Many elements of sanctification and of truth are found outside [the Catholic Church's] visible confines." (Catech 870)

Roman Catholic beliefs do not differ drastically from those of the other major branches of Christianity, Greek Orthodoxy and Protestantism. All three main branches hold to the doctrine of the Trinity, the divinity of Jesus Christ, the inspiration of the Bible, and so on.

But on other doctrinal points, there are clear Catholic distinctives in belief. Distinctive Roman Catholic beliefs include the special authority of the pope, the ability of saints to intercede on behalf of believers, the concept of purgatory, and the doctrine of transubstantiation - that is, that the bread used in the Eucharist becomes the true body of Christ when blessed by a priest.

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Article Info

Title Catholic Beliefs
Published
Last UpdatedJanuary 29, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/roman-catholicism/beliefs
Short URLrlft.co/1503
MLA Citation “Catholic Beliefs.” ReligionFacts.com. 29 Jan. 2021. Web. Accessed 30 Jul. 2021. <religionfacts.com/roman-catholicism/beliefs>