Definition: Ottomans
Style and period associated with the reign of the Islamic dynasty that began to rule in Anatolia in 1281 until the promulgation of the Constitution of the Turkish Republic in 1924. Under the support of Ottoman sultans, a distinct architectural style developed that combined the Islamic traditions of Anatolia, Iran, and Syria with those of the Classical world and Byzantium.

The Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman I (Arabic Uthmān), for whom it is named. As sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453, the state grew into a mighty empire.

The Empire reached its apex under Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century when it stretched from the Persian Gulf in the east to Hungary in the northwest; and from Egypt in the south to the Caucasus in the north.

After its defeat at the Battle of Vienna in 1683, however, the empire began a slow decline, culminating in the defeat of the empire by the Allies in World War I.


Article Info

Title Ottomans
Last UpdatedJanuary 29, 2021
MLA Citation “Ottomans.” 29 Jan. 2021. Web. Accessed 19 Sep. 2021. <>