Religion in Germany

Fast Facts and Religious Adherent Statistics
Population 79,903,481 (#19 in world) (2021 est.)
Ethnic Groups German 87.2%, Turkish 1.8%, Polish 1%, Syrian 1%, other 9% note: data represent population by nationality (2017 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic 27.7%, Protestant 25.5%, Muslim 5.1%, Orthodox 1.9%, other Christian 1.1%, other .9%, none 37.8% (2018 est.)
Christianity 56.2% (2018 est.)
Unaffiliated 37.8% (2018 est.)
Roman Catholicism 27.7% (2018 est.)
Protestantism 25.5% (2018 est.)
Islam 5.1% (2018 est.)
Eastern Orthodoxy 1.9% (2018 est.)

The dominant religion in Germany has been Christianity since the early Middle Ages, when the region was the heart of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 16th century, the nation was the center of the Protestant Reformation, led by Martin Luther.

Today, Christian Germany is about half Roman Catholic and half Protestant, with Catholicism having a slight majority as of 2018. But even more Germans identify as nonreligious or unaffiliated than as Christian.

Islam is on the rise in Germany, like elsewhere in Europe, and is expected to grow even more in the near future.


  1. Germany.” CIA World Factbook.
  2. Germany.” Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project.
  3. Germany.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.

Article Info

Title Religion in Germany
Last UpdatedFebruary 13, 2021
MLA Citation “Religion in Germany.” 13 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 29 Jan. 2022. <>