Religion in Germany
|Fast Facts and Religious Adherent Statistics|
|Population||79,903,481 (#19 in world) (2021 est.)|
|Ethnic Groups||German 87.2%, Turkish 1.8%, Polish 1%, Syrian 1%, other 9% note: data represent population by nationality (2017 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 27.7%, Protestant 25.5%, Muslim 5.1%, Orthodox 1.9%, other Christian 1.1%, other .9%, none 37.8% (2018 est.)|
|Christianity||56.2% (2018 est.)|
|Unaffiliated||37.8% (2018 est.)|
|Roman Catholicism||27.7% (2018 est.)|
|Protestantism||25.5% (2018 est.)|
|Islam||5.1% (2018 est.)|
|Eastern Orthodoxy||1.9% (2018 est.)|
The dominant religion in Germany has been Christianity since the early Middle Ages, when the region was the heart of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 16th century, the nation was the center of the Protestant Reformation, led by Martin Luther.
Today, Christian Germany is about half Roman Catholic and half Protestant, with Catholicism having a slight majority as of 2018. But even more Germans identify as nonreligious or unaffiliated than as Christian.
Islam is on the rise in Germany, like elsewhere in Europe, and is expected to grow even more in the near future.