Islam

Eid Al-Adha

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Fast Facts
Faith(s) Islam
Names Eid Al-Adha, عيد الأضحى, 'Id Al-Adha, Eid Al-Adha, Festival of the Sacrifice, Feast of the Sacrifice, 'Id al-Qurban, 'Id al-Kabir, Major Festival
Meaning commemorates Allah's gift of a ram in place of Isma'il, whom God had commanded Ibrahim to sacrifice
Greeting Eid Mubarak ("Holiday Blessings")
Duration 4 days
Dates July 19, 2021-July 23, 2021
July 9, 2022-July 13, 2022
June 28, 2023-July 2, 2023
June 16, 2024-June 17, 2024
June 6, 2025-June 10, 2025

'Id Al-Adha or Eid al-Adha (Arabic عيد الأضحى, "Festival of the Sacrifice") is a major Islamic festival that takes place at the end of the Hajj. It is also known as 'Id al-Qurban or al-'Id al-Kabir ("Major Festival"). Eid al-Adha marks the completion of the hajj (pilgrimage) rites at Mina, Saudi Arabia, but is also observed by Muslims throughout the world to commemorate the faith of Ibrahim (Abraham).

Date of Eid Al-Adha

Eid Al-Adha begins on the 10th of Dhu'l-Hijja, the last month of the Islamic calendar, and lasts for fours days. It begins the day after Muslims on the Hajj descend from Mount Arafat.

Meaning of Eid Al-Adha

The festival commemorates Allah's gift of a ram in place of Isma'il (Ishmael), whom God had commanded Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice. (In Judaism and Christianity, the child in this story is Ishmael's brother Isaac.)

The devil tried to persuade Ibrahim to disobey Allah and not to sacrifice his beloved son, but Ibrahim stayed absolutely obedient to Allah and drove the devil away. Eid al-Adha is a celebration of this supreme example of submission to God, which is the cornerstone of the Islamic faith (islam means "submission").

Eid al-Adha Observances

Eid al-Adha is a public holiday in Muslim countries. Like 'Id al-Fitr, 'Id Al-Adha begins with communal prayer at daybreak on its first day, which takes place at the local mosque. Worshippers wear their finest clothes for the occasion. It is also a time for visiting friends and family and for exchanging gifts.

Following the morning prayer, Muslim families that can afford it sacrifice an animal, which must be a sheep, lamb, goat, cow, bull or a camel. They then divide the meat three ways and distribute 1/3 to themselves, 1/3 to friends and neighbors, and 1/3 to the poor.

The Eid al-Adha sacrifice is called Qurban. During the sacrifice, the following prayer is recited:

In the name of Allah And Allah is the greatest O Allah, indeed this is from you and for you O Allah accept it from me.

The traditional greeting on Eid Al-Adha is Eid Mubarak ("Holiday Blessings").

Sources

  1. Eid al-Adha.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.
  2. Eid Ul-Adha.” IslamiCity.
  3. What is Eid-ul-Adha?.” MuslimAid.

Article Info

Title Eid Al-Adha
Published
Last UpdatedMarch 1, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/eid-al-adha
Short URLrlft.co/1342
MLA Citation “Eid Al-Adha.” ReligionFacts.com. 1 Mar. 2021. Web. Accessed 4 Mar. 2021. <religionfacts.com/eid-al-adha>