Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism
Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity. As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam holds many beliefs and practices in common with Judaism and Christianity.
One monotheistic religion that predated all these religions is Zoroastrianism. Founder by Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra), Zoroastrianism arose in Persia and was the state religion of Persia until the 7th century CE when it was replaced by Islam.
As a brief guide of the similarities and differences between Islam and Zoroastrianism, the following chart compares the statistics, origins, history and religious beliefs of these two faiths.
|adherents (world)||1.6 billion||200,000|
|adherents called||Muslims||Zoroastrians, Parsis, Parsees|
|main locations||Middle East, North Africa, Southeast Asia||India, Iran|
|texts||Qur'an (sacred text); Hadith (tradition)||Zend Avesta|
|date founded||622 CE||estimated between 12th and 6th century BCE|
|place founded||Arabian Peninsula||Ancient Persia|
|god(s)||One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles||One God, Ahura Mazda, but a dualistic worldview in which an evil spirit, Angra Mainyu, is almost as powerful.|
|spiritual beings||angels, demons, jinn||angels and demons|
|revered humans||prophets; imams (especially in Shia Islam)|
|salvation||correct belief, good deeds, Five Pillars||good works|
|predestination||affirmed||denied; God allows free choice|
|afterlife||eternal Paradise or eternal Hell||Judgment followed by heaven or hell. Hell is temporary until final purgation and return to Ahura Mazda.|
|Title||Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism|
|Published||March 17, 2004|
|Last Updated||February 13, 2021|
|MLA Citation||“Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism.” ReligionFacts.com. 13 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 4 Mar. 2021. <religionfacts.com/charts/islam-zoroastrianism>|