Comparison Charts

Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism

Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity. As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam holds many beliefs and practices in common with Judaism and Christianity.

One monotheistic religion that predated all these religions is Zoroastrianism. Founder by Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra), Zoroastrianism arose in Persia and was the state religion of Persia until the 7th century CE when it was replaced by Islam.

As a brief guide of the similarities and differences between Islam and Zoroastrianism, the following chart compares the statistics, origins, history and religious beliefs of these two faiths.

adherents (world)1.6 billion200,000
adherents calledMuslimsZoroastrians, Parsis, Parsees
main locationsMiddle East, North Africa, Southeast AsiaIndia, Iran
textsQur'an (sacred text); Hadith (tradition)Zend Avesta
date founded622 CEestimated between 12th and 6th century BCE
place foundedArabian PeninsulaAncient Persia
god(s)One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian BiblesOne God, Ahura Mazda, but a dualistic worldview in which an evil spirit, Angra Mainyu, is almost as powerful.
spiritual beingsangels, demons, jinnangels and demons
revered humansprophets; imams (especially in Shia Islam)
salvationcorrect belief, good deeds, Five Pillarsgood works
predestinationaffirmeddenied; God allows free choice
afterlifeeternal Paradise or eternal HellJudgment followed by heaven or hell. Hell is temporary until final purgation and return to Ahura Mazda.

Article Info

Title Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism
Last UpdatedFebruary 13, 2021
MLA Citation “Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism.” 13 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 28 Oct. 2021. <>