Glossary of Taoism
This glossary of Taoism provides definitions of terms related to Taoism, with links to full articles where available.
- Traditional Chinese medical treatment using needles to stimulate the flow of ch'i in the body.
- Celestial Master
- (Chinese T'ien-shih). Title held by the hereditary leader of Orthodox Unity Taoism.
- (Chinese, "enduring"). The permanent and eternal.
- (Chinese, "air, "breath, "strength"). Life energy that flows throughout the human body and the universe.
- (Chinese). Ritual of purification.
- Chang Kuo-lao
- One of the Eight Immortals. Connected with a historical figure of the T'ang dynasty, his symbol is a fish-drum.
- Chang San-feng
- Taoist immortal traditionally considered the founder of t'ai-chi ch'uan.
- (Chinese, "semen", "seed"). Vital essence.
- Chuang-tzu (Zhuangzi)
- Taoist text named for its primary author, "Master Chuang" (c. 369-286 BCE). Also known as Nan-hua chenching (“The Pure Classic of Nan-hua”). Composed in the 4th or 3rd century BCE.
- Chung-li Ch'uan
- One of the Eight Immortals. He is depicted as a stout man with a near-bald head but a long beard. His symbol is a fan, indicating power to raise the dead.
- Religious Taoism in Japan.
- (Chinese, "wind and water"). A form of divination whose goal is to place homes, cemeteries, furniture, etc. in the best location.
- Han Hsiang-tzu
- One of the Eight Immortals. He is depicted as a peaceful mountain-dweller with a flute, flowers and a peach. He is the patron of music.
- Ho Hsien-ku
- The only female Immortal.
- (Chinese, "fluttering") The Immortals, who are described in the Chuang-tzu. Perhaps originally intended to be allegorical, the nature and abilities of these beings became a practical goal for later Taoists.