Glossary of Religion: Z
Learn the definitions of religious terms and concepts with our extensive Glossary of Religion. Choose a letter above or explore the random terms below.
- Almsgiving. One of the Five Pillars of Islam.
- (Japanese, "sitting" + "absorption"). Sitting meditation, which is the basic meditation practice of Zen Buddhism.
- Zealots (Judaism)
- Members of a historical Jewish movement characterized by armed rebellion against Roman rulers.
- (Japanese, "Zen board"). Board used in long sessions of zazen to prop up the chin, thereby keeping from falling forward if sleepiness occurs.
- A school of meditative Buddhism introduced to Japan in the 12th century by monks returning from China. Originating in India, it spread to China where elements of Taoism were added. Zen emphasizes simple meditation that avoids ritual as well the personal experience of enlightenment attained through a life lived close to nature. There are two main branches of Zen in Japan: Rinzai and Soto.
- Large hall in Zen monasteries, in which zazen is practiced.
- Chief deity of the Olympian pantheon, god of the sky and weather, and sender of thunderbolts and lightning.
- (Chinese) loyalty to one's true nature
- A modern political movement with the aim of creating a Jewish state.
- The international movement for the establishment of a Jewish nation in Palestine, and later for the State of Israel itself.
- The major text of the Kabbalah movement.
- (Chinese, "principle-teaching.") Religion. Term introduced to China in the late 19th century in the context of Buddhism.
- The ancient pre-Islamic religion of Persia (modern Iran), founded by the prophet Zoroaster by the sixth century BCE, with about 200,000 adherents today. Many of its concepts influenced Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.