Glossary of Religion: Y

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Learn the definitions of religious terms and concepts with our extensive Glossary of Religion. Choose a letter above or explore the random terms below.

yad
(Hebrew, "hand"). Pointer used to read the Torah, usually in the shape of a hand with a pointed finger.
yahrzeit
(Yiddish, "annniversary"). Anniversary of a loved one's death.
Yajur Veda
Liturgical Hindu text
yama
Something one should not do. Comparable to the western idea of sin.
yantra
a geometrical diagram representing the universe
yarmulke
(Yiddish; kippah in Hebrew). Male head covering.
yarmulke
(Yiddish; kippah in Hebrew). Male head covering.
yetzer hara
The human inclination towards evil.
yetzer hatov
The human inclination towards good.
YHWH
(Hebrew, "I am" or "I will be"). Sacred name of God as revealed to Moses. Also known as the Tetragrammaton. It is considered too holy to be pronounced, and is usually replaced by Adonai in Torah readings.
Yiddish
The language of East European Jews and their descendents; a combination of Middle High German, Hebrew and Polish.
YMCA
The Young Men's Christian Association, founded in London in 1844 by George Williams out of his prayer and Bible-reading meetings. Its goals are to develop young people in mind, body and spirit and foster a world-wide fellowship based on mutual tolerance and respect. Non-Christians are admitted to membership, but in some local associations they have less say in policymaking than Christian members. The YMCA is active in over 100 countries.
yoga
(Sanskrit, "yoke").
Yom Kippur
The most important and solemn holiday in the Jewish liturgical calendar, observed on 10 Tishri (September or October). This day, which concludes the "ten days of repentance" that begin with Rosh Hoshanah, is a day of atonement and reconciliation with God. Jews must abstain from food, drink, and sex and all work must cease.
yu
Chinese, "being."
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Article Info

Title Glossary of Religion: Y
Published
Last UpdatedFebruary 13, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/glossary/y
Short URLrlft.co/3494
MLA Citation “Glossary of Religion: Y.” ReligionFacts.com. 13 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 3 Aug. 2021. <religionfacts.com/glossary/y>