Glossary of Religion: Q
Learn the definitions of religious terms and concepts with our extensive Glossary of Religion. Choose a letter above or explore the random terms below.
- The hypothetical text that many biblical scholars believe was used as a source by the authors of the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. It consists of all passages Matthew and Luke have in common that are not found in Mark.
- (Arabic, "direction"). Direction of the Ka'ba in Mecca, towards which all prayer must face.
- A Christian sect that arose in the mid-17th century in England and the American colonies, advocating direct inward apprehension of God, emphasizing the immediacy of Christ's teaching and guidance, and rejecting outward rites and an ordained ministry. Quakers believe in a spiritual baptism and a spiritual communion. The group has a long tradition of opposing war and actively working for peace.
- (from Latin for "14"). The early Christian custom, especially common in Asia Minor, of observing Easter on the 14th of the Jewish month of Nisan, whether or not it fell on a Sunday. Towards the end of the second century, Pope Victor suppressed Quartodecimanism and excommunicated the Bishop of Ephesus, who refused to comply. This action was rebuked by St. Irenaeus and most churches in Asia Minor retained the practice. It died out by the fifth century.
- (from Latin, "fifty"). The Sunday before Ash Wednesday. The word gets its name from its previous usage, which was for the 50-day period between that Sunday and Easter.
- Quinque Viae
- (Latin, "five ways") The five arguments by which St. Thomas Aquinas sought to prove the existence of God.
- The sacred text of Islam, revealed to Muhammad over a 20-year period by the Angel Gabriel.
- ("reciters"). Professional reciters of the Qur'an, who usually have memorized the text. In early Islamic history, qurra' were called upon to elucidate unclear passages in the written text, often resulting in various schools of interpretation among qurra.