Glossary of Religion: G

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Learn the definitions of religious terms and concepts with our extensive Glossary of Religion. Choose a letter above or explore the random terms below.

Ganesha
("Lord of Hosts"). Also Ganesha, Vinayaka, Ekadanta, Lambodara, Siddhadata, Vighnaraja. God of wisdom and good fortune, represented with a pot belly and the head of an elephant. Ganesh has been one of the most popular Hindu gods since medieval times and is claimed by all sects as their own. As the remover of obstacles, he is invoked before religious ceremonies and worldly undertakings.
Gaon
(Hebrew, "eminence, excellence"). Title given to the head of the Babylonian academy and later to distinguished Talmud scholars in the 6th to 12th centuries.
Gelassenheit
Amish virtue of calmness, composure, and placidity.
Gemara
(Hebrew, "completion"). Commentary on the Mishnah. The Gemara and the Mishnah constitute the Talmud.
get
Divorce decree granted by a bet din.
gezeirah
Rabbinic law designed to prevent accidental violation of a mitzvah.
ghosts
An apparition of a dead person.
gilgul
(Hebrew, "transmigration"). The Jewish doctrine of the transmigration (reincarnation) of souls, taught by the founder of Karaism and found also in kabbalistic writings.
Gnosticism
A religious ideology popular in the 4th-century Christian world although it may have had earlier, non-Christian roots stemming from a break from Judaism. The believers in Gnosticism felt that they alone would attain full salvation because they possessed the teachings of Christ regarding the cosmic origins and spiritual destiny of people.
goddesses
Female superhuman persons or other beings who are worshipped and believed to have power over nature and the fortunes of mankind.
Godhead
Mormon concept of God the Father, the Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three individual beings who are united in purpose.
gods
Supernatural beings who are worshipped and believed to have power over nature and the fortunes of mankind.
gods
Supernatural beings who are worshipped and believed to have power over nature and the fortunes of mankind.
golden fishes
(Sanskrit suvarnamatsya). Buddhist symbol of good fortune, fertility and salvation.
Good Friday
Refers to the Friday before Easter during Holy Week. On this day the crucifixion of Jesus Christ is commemorated. It is a day of penance in liturgical churches. Good Friday and the following day (Holy Saturday) are the only days of the years on which mass is not celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church.
gospel
(Greek evangelion; Old English godspel, "good news"). The content of Christian preaching; that is, that Christ died to save humans from the penalty of sin and reunite them with God.
Gospel of John
The fourth gospel of the New Testament, written the latest and having the most unique material and developed theology.
Gospel of Luke
The third book of the New Testament and one of the Four Gospels.
Gospel of Mark
The oldest and shortest of the four gospels in the Christian New Testament, written c. 70 CE.
Gospels
The first four books of the New Testament, which describe the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
government
The political concept according to which a nation or community is governed, defined by the nature of the community governed, such as civil government or ecclesiastical government, or the kind of organization adopted, such as monarchical government or republican government. To refer to the bodies themselves which exercise the authority to govern, use “governments (administrative).”
goy
(Hebrew, "nation"; Yiddish, "Gentile"). Non-Jew. Sometimes used pejoratively, but the word itself is not negative.
grace
The undeserved gift of divine favor in the justification and then sanctification of sinners. The Greek term charis, usually translated in English as "grace," is about 150 times in the New Testament, mostly in the Pauline epistles.
Grayfriars
Name given to the Franciscans in England because of their gray robes.
Great Dionysia
Festival of Dionysus in Athens.
Great Schism
The division between Eastern and Western Christendom, which occurred in 1054 AD.
Greatest Name
One of the main symbols of the Bahá'í Faith, a calligraphized Arabic rendering of Yá Bahá'ul 'Abhá ("O Glory of the Most Glorious").
Greek cross
Cross with arms of equal length.
guru
(Sanskrit) Spiritual teacher.
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Article Info

Title Glossary of Religion: G
Published
Last UpdatedFebruary 13, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/glossary/g
Short URLrlft.co/3494
MLA Citation “Glossary of Religion: G.” ReligionFacts.com. 13 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 11 May. 2021. <religionfacts.com/glossary/g>