Glossary of Religion: F

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Learn the definitions of religious terms and concepts with our extensive Glossary of Religion. Choose a letter above or explore the random terms below.

fable
Short story in Greece and other ancient cultures. Fables appeared in literature as illustrative examples and later were compiled into collections.
Faravahar
A winged sun disk with a male figure in the center, primarily symbolizing Zoroastrianism and its god, Ahura Mazda.
Fast of Ninevah
Pre-Lenten fast of three or four days kept in the Church of the East, the Syrian Orthdox Church, the Coptic Orthodox Church, and the Armenian Orthodox Church.
fasts
Occasions, usually religious, where the tone is solemn and activities are marked by abstaining from food and drink for all or most of the day or series of days.
feng-shui
(Chinese, "wind and water"). A form of divination whose goal is to place homes, cemeteries, furniture, etc. in the best location.
Five Aggregates
(Sanskrit skandha; Pali khandha, "group"). The five aspects that make up human appearance: material composition; sensations; perceptions; mental formations; and consciousness. These are impermanent, constantly changing, and do not constitute a "self."
Five Deadly Sins
In Buddhism, five offenses that cause rebirth in hell: patricide; matricide; killing an arhat; injuring a buddha; and creating schism in the sangha.
Five Dhyani Buddhas
Central feature of Tibetan Buddhist belief and art. They are often found in Tibetan mandalas and thangkas. Each Buddha is believed to be capable of overcoming a particular evil with a particular good, and each has a complete system of iconographic symbolism.
Five Elements
Air, fire, water, earth, and ether.
Five Elements
Air, fire, water, earth, and ether.
five hindrances
Sanskrit, nivaranas. Mental and emotional obstacles that must be removed in order to attain knowledge and enlightenment: desire; anger; sloth; worry; and doubt.
Five Periods and Eight Schools
Tendai classification of the Buddha's teaching to explain the divergent systems that had developed since his death.
Five Pillars of Islam
(Arabic Arkan al-Islam, "pillars of Islam" or Arkan ud-Din, "pillars of the faith"). The five primary duties of every Muslim: profession of faith (shahada), ritual prayer (salat), fasting during Ramadan (sawm), pilgrimmage to Mecca (hajj) and charity (zakat). Fulfillment of these duties brings rewards on earth and in the afterlife.
Five Precepts
Sanskrit, sila. Obligations that both monks and laypersons undertake. They are to abstain from: harming any living being; taking anything not given; sensual misconduct; false speech; and losing control through intoxication.
Five Wounds
The five wounds of Christ suffered during the Passion: the piercing of his two hands, two feet and side. Devotion to the Five Wounds developed in the Middle Ages.
Four Noble Truths
Foundational Buddhist doctrines taught by the Buddha in the first sermon after his enlightenment: 1. All of life is marked by suffering. 2. Suffering is caused by desire and attachment. 3. Suffering can be stopped. 4. The way to end suffering is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path.
Franciscans
A Catholic religious order founded in the early 13th century by St. Francis of Assisi. .
funerals
A ceremony accompanying the burial or cremation of a deceased person.
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Article Info

Title Glossary of Religion: F
Published
Last UpdatedFebruary 13, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/glossary/f
Short URLrlft.co/3494
MLA Citation “Glossary of Religion: F.” ReligionFacts.com. 13 Feb. 2021. Web. Accessed 11 May. 2021. <religionfacts.com/glossary/f>