Definition: The Crusades
(Lat. cruciata, "cross-marked") Wars fought against enemies of the Christian faith, primarily the Muslim Turks in the period 1095 to 1291, but later against other infidels and heretics.
The Crusades were military expeditions of Christian Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks. They included the following:
- First Crusade, 1096-99
- Second Crusade, 1147-49
- Third Crusade, 1189-92
- Fourth Crusade, 1202-04
- Children's Crusade, 1212
External Links on the Crusades - The Crusades - Catholic Encyclopedia
- The Crusades - Medieval Sourcebook
- Medieval Crusades - Website devoted to the history of the crusades.
- The Crusades: 1096 to 1289 - The Islam Project. Brief description with very nice map of crusade routes.
- Photo of Knight in Chain Mail Armor - Dorchester Abbey, England