Article Info

published: 1/14/05
updated: 6/19/14

Fast Facts on Scientology



An Overview of Scientology

scientology sign

Scientology is a relatively new religion, having been established in 1954 by L. Ron Hubbard in the United States. Even though the belief system is called "The Church of Scientology," it is quite different than other Western religions, even those that also originated in America, such as Mormonism and Jehovah's Witnesses. (See Scientology beliefs for more.) Many consider Scientology more of a "technology" than a faith.

Scientology is controversial. Its teachings and adherents have been heavily criticized and have received a significant amount of bad press in the U.S. and in England. Followers say the negativity is unfair; critics say it is the truth. Obviously, it is important for all people to learn the facts of the religion, if understanding is to occur.




The Facts of Scientology

Founder
L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986), an American science-fiction author
Date founded
1954
Place founded
California, USA (see Scientology history)
Main locations
Western United States
Adherents
77,000 (adherents.com) or "millions" (official Scientology figures)
Sacred texts
Dianetics and Scientology by L. Ron Hubbard (see Scientology beliefs)
Spiritual leader
auditor
Places of meeting
church
Ultimate reality
The Eighth Dynamic or Infinity
Human nature
consists of body, mind and thetan; capable of great things
Purpose of life
gain spiritual freedom by ridding one's mind of engrams
Afterlife
reincarnation
Symbols
Double "S"; shining cross (see Scientology symbols)
Special days
March 13 - Hubbard's birthday (in 1911) May 9 - publication of Dianetics (in 1950) 2nd Sunday in September - Auditor's Day October 7 - annual meeting of International Association of Scientologists
Eight Dynamics
1. Self (the urge to survive as an individual)
2. Creativity (the urge to survive through family).
3. Group survival (the urge to survive through a group such as a nation, team, community, race, etc.)
4. Species (the urge to survive through the survival of the human species)
5. Life forms (the urge for life itself)
6. Physical universe (the urge of the universe to survive)
7. Spiritual dynamic (the urge for the survival of the life source)
8. Infinity (the urge to exist as infinity or God)

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