Article Info

published: 3/17/04
updated: 12/28/13

Glossary of Jainism




ahimsa
principle of non-violence to any living thing
ajiva
nonliving
Ambika
Mother-Goddess
anekantvad
principle of multiple viewpoints (illustration: story of blind men and elephant)
apirigraham
principle of avoidance of material possessions
Arihanta
"destroyer of enemies" - the spiritual state at which inner passions have been destroyed (ego, deceit, greed, anger, etc.)
jambudvina
"Continent of the Rose-Apple Tree" - earthly realm, which is divided into 7 regions
jinas
spiritual victors; tirthankaras




kalchakra
time cycle
kashaya
passions
loka
true nature of the universe
Mahavira
("Great Hero") Vardhamana, the 24th Tirthankara, who lived 599-527 BC
pap
bad
punya
good
salekhana
fasting to death (performed by Mahavira)
satya
renunciation of secular lifestyle
tirthankaras
("ford-makers") 24 founding spiritual teachers of Jainism.

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