Islam is a monotheistic religion based on revelations received by the prophet Muhammad in the 7th century A.D., which were later recorded in the Quran (or Koran), Islam's sacred text. Islam has spread rapidly throughout the centuries and today the religion is, by some measurements, the largest religion in the world. The Arabic word islam means "submission," reflecting the faith's central tenet of submitting to Allah. Islamic practices are defined by the Five Pillars of Islam: faith, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage and alms. Followers of Islam are called Muslims.
When it comes to Islam, many people have questions like: What do Muslims believe about Allah, the universe, people, the spiritual realm, and the afterlife? What are their values, traditions, and ethics? Who are their teachers, leaders, and converts? And what is their history? Serious students of religion will also want to know how Islam is the same as, and different from, other major world religions, such as Judaism and Christianity.
The table of contents below will direct you to various topics on Islam, from their beliefs to comparison charts to their holidays to their sacred texts and much more. (Note: Category headings go to the home page for that subject.)