Ancient Greek and Roman Religion



Two of the most powerful empires in the ancient world were Greece and Rome. It's impossible to understand these empires without understanding the religions that were so important to them. Religion wasn't simply a part of the lives of the ancient Greeks and the ancient Romans; religion was that upon which their lives were built. Religion was often where Greeks and Romans derived their meaning and purpose in life. It was the grid through which they understood the universe and all the events within it. Although the religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans is virtually extinct in its original form, it lives on in the cultures, imaginations, and, in some ways, even the religions of the modern western world.

The articles below focus primarily on Greek religious beliefs and rituals, but they include Greek philosophy as well. In the ancient world, "religion" and "philosophy" were not completely distinct entities, and the beliefs of the average Greek might have been influenced both by traditional beliefs about the gods and ideas derived from the teachings of the philsophers. In addition, the teachings of philosophers like Plato and Socrates deal with the subjects we often group under "religious" today - the meaning of life, the existence of an afterlife, the nature of the universe, and God or gods.

The table of contents below will direct you to various topics on the greco-Roman religion, from their beliefs to their gods, to their important literature, and to much more. (Note: Category headings go to the home page for that subject.)



Greco-Roman Religion Beliefs, History, Practices, and More

Basics

Beliefs




File:Homer Statue Munich.jpg

"Whoever obeys the gods, to him they particularly listen."
--Homer, The Iliad

Festivals

People

Gods

Sects and Schools

Library

Bookstore

Explore topics in Greco-Roman religion.