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published: 3/17/04
updated: 6/20/14


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Timeline of Christianity



The Chronology of Christianity

Alpha and Omega

Christianity is one of the most influential world religions in history. Founded by Jesus Christ over 2,000 years ago, Christianity quickly spread in the Western world and today it's making unprecedented inroads into Asia and Africa. Christian history involved three major branches: Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestantism. (Go here to compare Christian denominations.)

The following timeline of Christianity summarizes some of the most important events in Christianity since its founding about 2,000 years ago. (Certain major world events are also listed for historical context.) By reading through the timeline, one is able to track the advancement of Christianity around the world. Links will take the reader to more in-depth articles on he topics mentioned.



A timeline of the Christian faith


c. 4 BC
Birth of Jesus
c. 26 AD
John the Baptist begins ministry (see John the Baptist)
c. 27 AD
Jesus begins ministry (see Jesus Christ)
c. 30 AD
Crucifixion of Jesus
c. 35
Conversion of Paul (see: The Apostle Paul)
c. 44
Martyrdom of James
c. 46-48
c. 49
Council of Jerusalem
c. 50-52
c. 51-52
First and Second Thessalonians written
c. 53-57
c. 57
c. 59-62
Paul imprisoned in Rome
c. 60
Andrew martyred by crucifixion in Achaia (Greece).
c. 66-67
Second Timothy written
c. 68
Martyrdom of Paul
70
Fall of Jerusalem
c. 90-95
John exiled on island of Patmos
c. 95
c. 96
Clement of Rome's Letter to the Corinthians written
c. 120
Didache written
202
Christians persecuted under Septimus Severus
211
Christians tolerated under Emperor Antoninus Caracalla
222
Christians favored Emperor Alexander Severus
230
Origen's On First Principles
235
Christians persecuted under Emperor Maximin the Thracian
238
Christians tolerated under Emperor Gordian III
244
Christians favored under Emperor Philip the Arabian
251
Cyprian's Unity of the Catholic Church
254
Death of Origen
303
Diocletian orders burning of Christian books and churches
312
Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity
313
Edict of Milan establishes official toleration of Christianity
325
336
Death of Constantine
354
Birth of Augustine
367
Athanasius lists all 27 books of NT
379
Basil the Great dies
380
Christianity made official religion of Roman Empire
381
Council of Constantinople
386
Augustine converts to Christianity
389
395




c. 400
Jerome's Vulgate (translation of the Greek Bible into Latin)
407
411
Council of Carthage condemns Donatists
417
420
Death of Jerome
430
Death of Augustine
431
Council of Ephesus
451
Council of Chalcedon
787
Second Council of Nicea
950
Olga of Russia converts to Christianity
1054
Great Schism between East and West
1093
Anselm becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
1095
Council of Clermont: Pope Urban II proclaims First Crusade
1098
Crusaders take Antioch from Turks
1099
Crusaders recapture Jerusalem from Turks
1122
Concordat of Worms
1141
Peter Abelard condemned
1144
Fall of Edessa (crusader state)
1187
Fall of Jerusalem to Turks
1215
Fourth Lateran Council
1309
"Babylonian Captivity" (until 1377)
1337
Hundred Years' War (until 1453)
1378
Great Western Schism (until 1423)
1409
Council of Pisa
1413-14
Lollard rebellion
1415
Council of Constance. Martyrdom of Jan Hus.
1420
Crusade against Hussites
1431
Joan of Arc martyred
1431-49
Council of Basel
1438-45
Council of Ferrara-Florence
1453
Fall of Constantinople to Turks
1478
Spanish Inquisition founded by Ferdinand and Isabella
1483
Birth of Martin Luther
1492
Expulsion of Jews from Spain by Ferdinand and Isabella
1505
Luther becomes a monk
1517
Luther posts 95 Theses
1521
Luther excommunicated
1530
Augsburg Confession
1534
Henry VIII's Act of Supremacy
1536
Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion
1541
Colloquy of Regensburg
1555
Peace of Augsburg
1559
Elizabeth I's Act of Uniformity
1590
Michelangelo completes the dome of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
1609
Baptist Church founded by John Smyth
1611
King James Version (Authorized) of the Bible produced
1692
1729
Beginnings of Methodism, led by John Wesley
1738
John Wesley feels his "heart strangely warmed" during a reading of Luther's preface to Romans on Aldersgate Street in London
1775
American Wars of Independence begin
1783
America wins independence from Britain
1793
Louis XVI executed
1797
Second Awakening begins
1798
Pope Pius VI is prisoner of France
1799
Schleiermacher writes Speeches
1801
Cane Ridge Revival
1804
Napoleon becomes emperor
1807
Hegel writes Phenomenology of the Spirit
1808
French occupy Rome
1810
Mexico wins independence
1812-14
British-American War
1814
Reorganization of the Jesuits
1816
American Bible Society established
1822
Schleiermacher writes Christian Faith
1826
American Society for the Promotion of Temperance founded
1834
Spanish Inquisition officially abolished
1838
Abolition of slavery in the British Caribbean
1841
David Livingstone to Africa
1845
Methodists and Baptists split over the issue of slavery
1846
Pope Pius IX (until 1878)
1854
Dogma of Immaculate Conception of Mary
1859
Darwin publishes Origin of the Species
1861-65
American Civil War
1861
Presbyterians divide over the issue of slavery
1869
First Vatican Council
1870
Dogma of Papal Infallibility
1872
Moody begins preaching
1882
Neitzsche declares "God is dead"
1895
Five Fundamentals
1906
1908
Henry Ford introduces the Model T
1910
World Missionary Conference, Edinburgh
1914
Assemblies of God founded
1914-18
World War I
1917
Russian Revolution
1918
1919
Prohibition passed into law
1925
Scopes "Monkey" trial
1932
Barth's Church Dogmatics
1939
Hitler invades Poland and sparks WWI
1945
Nag Hammadi Library discovered in Egypt;
US drops atomic bombs on Japan
1947
India wins independence from U.K.
1948
World Council of Churches founded
1950
Papal encyclical Humani generis
1956
First issue of Christianity Today
1960
Birth control pill approved by FDA
1961
First human in space
Papal encyclical Mater et Magistra
1962-65
Second Vatican Council
1963
Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech
1968
Papal encyclical Humanae vitae
1969
First man on the moon
1971
Intel introduces the microprocessor
1973
Roe vs. Wade
1987-88
Televangelist scandals
1989
First woman ordained in an apostolic-succession church (the Protestant Episcopal church). Fall of the Berlin Wall.
1997
Birth of the internet

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Sources
  1. Earle E. Cairns, Christianity Through the Centuries (Zondervan, 1996).
  2. Justo Gonzalez, The Story of Christianity (Prince Press, 1999).
  3. Kenneth Scott Latourette, A History of Christianity, Vol. I: to A.D. 1500 (4th ed., Prince Press, 2000).
  4. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service, 2004.