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Article Info:
published: 3/31/13
updated: 2/27/14

Non-Christian Creationism

Hindu, Jewish, and Muslim Creationists

Image from the Hubble Telescope

Although creationism is often associated with Christianity, the doctrine exists in other religions as well.


Hindu creationism can be called a form of Old Earth Creationism, which posits that the universe may be billions of years old, according to their sacred writings called the Vedas. Hinduism further teaches that humanity has not evolved be devolved, having been produced by state of pure consciousness. The first humans in this view were made “mature,” similar to Adam and Eve. They further state that plants and animals are the by product of pure consciousness, which are contained in an endless cycle of births and rebirths.

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Creationism in Islam is the result of the direct work of Allah. Because Islam teaches that the Bible is corrupt, it adopts some of Genesis’ teachings on the creation of the universe and humanity, but not all of it. The Quran’s teaching on creation is not as thorough as the Bible’s, but nevertheless explicitly states that the universe was created.

  • "Do not the Unbelievers see that the skies (space) and the earth were joined together, then We (Allah) clove them asunder and We (Allah) created every living thing out of the water. Will they not then believe?"[Quran 21:30]
  • "Then turned He to the sky (space) when it was smoke, and said unto it and unto the earth: Come both of you, willingly or loth. They said: We come, obedient."[Quran 41:11]
  •  "And it is We (Allah) Who have constructed the sky (space) with might, and it is We (Allah) Who are steadily expanding it."[Quran 51:47]
  •  "On the day when We (Allah) will roll up the sky (space) like the rolling up of the scroll for writings, as We (Allah) originated the first creation, (so) We (Allah) shall reproduce it; a promise (binding on Us); surely We will bring it about."[Quran 21:104]

There is not, however, the existence of various positions regarding the age of the Earth like there is in Christianity. Most Muslims accept the scientific consensus regarding the age of the Earth and a minority adopt Darwinian evolution.

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There are a variety of views in Judaism with regard to creationism. Many Orthodox Jews accept Darwinian evolution while many Conservative Jews reject it. The other major branch of present-day Judaism, Reformed Judaism, does not subscribe to a literal interpretation of the Torah, including Genesis 1, so they welcome scientific consensus.

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