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published: 2/6/05
updated: 6/27/13

Books on Predestination

The Christian doctrine of predestination holds that God has determined before the beginning of time who will be saved and who will not. It is generally based on biblical verses that suggest this doctrine as well as the general belief that God is ultimately in control of everything. Those who have held to a strong doctrine of predestination include Augustine, John Calvin, Theodore Beza, Martin Luther, and most Reformed and Presbyterian denominations. Those who have preferred to emphasize the role of human free will in salvation (to varying degrees) include Pelagius, Catholicism, James Arminius, John Wesley, and most Methodists and Wesleyan denominations.

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